RESISTÊNCIA INDUZIDA AO PULGÃO-DO-ALGODOEIRO EM CULTIVARES DE ALGODÃO COLORIDO

Jair Campos Moraes, Eliana Alcantra, Alexander Machado Auad, Alex Antônio Silva, Roberta Alvarenga

Resumen


Objetivou-se avaliar a resistência de cultivares de algodão colorido por meio de indutores químicos. Diferentes cultivares de algodão foram plantados em vasos e mantidas em sala climatizada (28±2ºC: 25±2oC; fotofase : escotofase, respectivamente, 70±10% de U.R. e 12 horas de fotofase). Ácido silícico ou acibenzolar-S-methyl  foram aplicados nas plantas e estas foram ofertadas para o afídeo Aphis gossypii. O delineamento experimental foi em esquema fatorial envolvendo três cultivares de algodão e dois indutores de resistência com 10 repetições por tratamento. Os parâmetros biológicos observados foram mortalidade e duração da fase ninfal, período pré-reprodutivo, reprodutivo e pós-reprodutivo, longevidade e número total de ninfas produzidas. Os teores de fenóis e lignina presentes nas folhas foram quantificados. Observou-se maior duração do período ninfal, menor número médio de ninfas produzidas e maior mortalidade ninfal para o tratamento com ASM. O silício e ASM promoveram aumento no teor de lignina na cv. Verde. Contudo, para fenóis apenas o silício proporcionou aumento na cv. Verde. Assim, a aplicação de ASM afetou negativamente parâmetros biológicos do A. gossypii, por meio do aumento de lignina nas plantas e a cv. Verde se apresentou como uma melhor cultivar a ser utilizada, acumulando maiores teores de lignina e fenóis. 


Palabras clave


acibenzolar-S-methyl; Aphis gossypii; MIP; silício.

Texto completo:

PDF (Português (Brasil))

Referencias


Araujo FFD, Menezes D. 2009. Indução de resistência a doenças foliares em tomateiro por indutores biótico (Bacillus subtilis) e abiótico (Acibenzolar-s-metil). Summa Phytopathologica 35(3): 169-172.

Ary MB, Richardson M, Shewry PR. 1989. Purification and characterization of an insect a-amylase inhibitor/endochitinase from seeds of job's tears (Coix lachryma-jobi). Biochimica Biophysica Acta 993(3): 260-266.

Basagli MAB, Moraes JC, Carvalho GA, Ecole CC, Gonçalves-Gervásio RCR. 2003. Effect of sodium silicate on the resistance of wheat plants to green-aphid Schizaphis graminum (Rond.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Neotropical Entomology 32(3): 659-663.

Boughton AJ, HooveR K, Felton GW. Impact of chemical elicitor applications on greenhouse tomato plants and population growth of the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae. 2006. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 120(3): 175-188.

Bowles DJ. Defense-related proteins in higher plants. 1990. Annual Review of Biochemistry 59(1): 873-907.

Brisset MN, Cesbron S, Thomson SV, Paulin JP. 2000. Acibenzolar-s-methyl induces the accumulation of defense-related enzymes in apple and protects from fire blight. European Journal of Plant Pathology 106(6): 529-536.

Camargo JMM, Moraes JC, Oliveira EB, Iede ET. 2008. Resistência induzida ao pulgão-gigante-do-pinus (Hemiptera: Aphididae) em plantas de Pinus taeda adubadas com silício. Bragantia 67(4): 927-932.

Carvalho SP, Moraes JC, Carvalho JG. Efeito do silício na resistência do sorgo (Sorgum bicolor) ao pulgão-verde Schizaphis graminum (Rond.) (Homoptera: Aphididae). 1999. Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 28(3): 505-510.

Civolani S, Marchetti E, Chicca M, Castaldelli G, Rossi R, Pasqualini E, Dindo ML, Baronio P, Leis M. 2010. Probing behaviour of Myzus persicae on tomato plants containing Mi gene or BHT-treated evaluated by electrical penetration graph. 2010. Bulletin of Insectology 63(2): 265-271.

Correa RSB, Moraes JC, Auad AM, Carvalho GA. 2005. Silicon and Acibenzolar-s-methyl as resistance inducers in cucumber against the whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) biotype B. Neotropical Entomology 34(3): 429-433.

Costa RR, Moraes JC. Efeitos do ácido silícico e do Acibenzolar-s-methyl sobre Schizaphis graminum (Rondani) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). 2006. Neotropical Entomology 35(6): 834-839.

Dias PAS, Sampaio MV, Rodrigues MP, Korndorfer AP, Oliveira RS, Ferreira SE, Korndorfer GH. 2014. Induction of resistance by silicon in wheat plants to alate and apterous morphs of Sitobion avenae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). 2014. Environmental Entomology 43(4): 949-956.

Duffey SS, Felton GW. 1991. Enzymatic antinutritive defenses of the tomato plant

against insects. In: Hedin, PA, editor. ACS Symposium series American Chemical Societypp. Washigton. pp.166-197.

Epstein E. 1994. The anomaly of silicon in plant biology. Proceedings National of Academy Science 91(1): 11-17.

Epstein E. 1999. Silicon. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 50: 641-664.

Gomes FB, Moraes JC, Santos CD, Goussain MM. 2005. Resistance induction in wheat plants by silicon and aphids. Scientia Agricola 62(6): 547-551.

Gomes FB, Moraes JC, Santos CD, Antunes CS. 2008. Uso de silício como indutor de resistência em batata a Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Neotropical Entomology 37(2): 185-190.

Görlach J, Volrath S, Knauf-beiter G, Hengy G, Beckhove U, Kogel KH, Oostendorp M, Staub T, Ward E, Kessmann H, Ryals J. 1996. Benzothiadiazole, a novel class of inducers of systemic acquired resistance, activates gene expression and disease resistance in wheat. The Plant Cell Online 8(4): 629-643.

Goussain MM, Prado M, Moraes JC. 2005. Effect of silicon applied to wheat plants on the biology and probing behaviour of the greenbug Schizaphis graminum (Rond.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Neotropical Entomology 34(5): 807-813.

Inbar M, Doostdar H, Gerling D, Mayer RT. 2001. Induction of systemic acquired resistance in cotton by BHT has a negligible effect on phytophagous insects. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 99(1): 65-70.

Inbar M, Doostdar H, Sonoda RM, Leibee GL, Mayer RT. 1998. Elicitors of plant defensive systems reduce insect densities and disease incidence. Journal of Chemical Ecology 24(1): 135-149.

ICAC - International Cotton Advisory Committee. 2015. List of publications on economy and cotton statictics. https://www.icac.org/cotton-economics-and-cotton-statistics/economics.

Karban R, Myers JH. 1989. Induced plant responses to herbivory. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 20: 331-348.

Kessmann H, Staub T, Hoffmann C, Maetzke T, Herzog J, Ward E, Uknes S, Ryals J. 1994. Induction of systemic acquired disease resistance in plants by chemicals. Annual Review of Phytopathology 32: 439-459.

Kombrink E, Somssich IE. Pathogenesis-related proteins and plant defense. 1997. In: Carrol GC, Tudzynski P, editors. Plant relationships. Springer berlin Heidelberg, Köln (Germany). pp. 107–128

Lyon GD, Newton AC. 1997. Do resistance elicitors offer new opportunities in integrated disease control strategies? Plant Pathology 46(5): 636-641.

Ma JF, Yamaji N. 2006. Silicon uptake and accumulation in higher plants. Trends in Plant Science 11(8): 392-397.

Moraes JC, Ferreira RS, Costa RR. 2009. Indutores de resistência a mosca-branca Bemisia tabaci biótipo B (Genn., 1889) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) em soja. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 33(5): 260-264.

Oerke EC. 2006. Crop losses to pests. The Journal of Agricultural Science 144(1): 31-43.

Pessoa LGA, Souza B, Carvalho CF, Silva MG. 2004. Aspectos da biologia de Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) em quatro cultivares de algodoeiro, em laboratório. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 28(6): 1235-1239.

Plymale RC, Felton GW, Hoover K. 2007. Induction of systemic acquired resistance in cotton foliage does not adversely affect the performance of an entomopathogen. Journal of Chemical Ecology 33(8): 1570-1581.

Ranganathan S, Suvarchala V, Rajesh YBRD, Srinivasa Prasad M, Padmakumari AP, Voleti SR. 2006. Effects of silicon sources on its deposition, chlorophyll content, and disease and resistance in rice. Biologia Plantarum 50(4): 713-716.

Ranger CM, Singh AP, Frantz JM, Cañas L, Locke JC, Reding ME, Vorsa N. 2009. Influence of silicon on resistance of Zinnia elegans to Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Environmental Entomology 38(1): 129-136.

Scott AJ, Knott MA. 1974. Acluster analysis method for grouping means in the analysis of varianicis. Biometrics 30(3): 507-512.

Shapiro M, Preisler HK, Robertson JL. 1987. Enhancement of baculovirus activity on gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) by chitinase. Journal of Economic Entomology 80(6): 1113-1116.

Sobhy IS, Erb M, Sarhan AA, El-husseini MM, Mandour NS, Turlingd TC. 2012. Less is more: treatment with BHT and laminarin reduces herbivore-induced volatile emissions in maize but increases parasitoid attraction. Journal of Chemical Ecology 38(4): 348-360.

Tatagiba SD, Rodrigues FA, Filippi MCC, Silva GB, Silva LC. 2014. Physiological responses of rice plants supplied with silicon to Monographella albescens infection. Journal of Phytopathology 162(9): 596-606.

Wang X, Ding X, Gopalakrishnan B, Morgan TD, Johnson L, White FF, Muthukrishnan S, Kramer KJ. 1996. Characterization of a 46 kda insect chitinase from transgenic tobacco. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 26(10): 1055-1064.


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.


Esta revista está indixada por Zoological Record, BIOSIS Previews, DOAJ, Scopus, Latindex, Biological Abstracts